Kannabisaren, kalamuaren eta marihuanaren arteko aldea azaldu zen

2020-12-26

In the world of cannabis, there are more names for one plant family than you could ever imagine. Cannabis, hemp, and marijuana are all terms for plants in the Cannabaceae family, but there are differences between them -- some botanical, some cultural. Here’s a breakdown of the basics: the difference between hemp, cannabis, and marijuana.



 

Zer da kalamua?

Kalamua Cannabis sativa L. izenarekin zientifikoki ezagutzen den cannabis mota espezifikoa da, biak familia bereko (eta zenbaitetan espezie) zati diren arren, kalamuak eta marihuanak kimika eta ezaugarri desberdinak dituzte. Kalamu landareek Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) izenaz ezagutzen den fitokanabinoide mozkor maila baxua dute, eta horregatik marihuana oso ezaguna da. Hala ere, baditu Cannabidiol (CBD) fitokannabinoide ez-intoxikatzaileen maila altuak.

In the U.S., the level of THC is a legal defining line between hemp and marijuana. Hemp is generally defined as Cannabis sativa L. plants which contain 0.3% THC or less. Plants exceeding the 0.3% THC limit are considered marijuana and remain illegal federally under the U.S. Controlled Substances Act (CSA).

Hemp is one of the most versatile plants in the world. The stalk of a hemp plant, for example, could be used for the manufacture of textiles or the development of biofuels. The seeds of hemp are eaten or employed to create hemp seed oil, while the flowers can be used to extract CBD for use in a wide range of products, including skin care products like our Skin Therapy body butter and edibles like our beverage infusions.


 

Zer da kanabisa?

The word Cannabis is a taxonomic term referring to a genus of flowering plants that are members of the family Cannabaceae, which includes about 170 plant species. The genus is often divided up into three species - Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis.

Kannabis generoaren jatorria ez da argi eta garbi ulertzen, izan ere, ebidentzia fosil esanguratsuak ez izateak zaildu egin zuen botanikoek beste organismoekiko eboluzio-aldea jartzea. Generoaren adina kalkulatzeko "erloju molekularra" eta ordenagailuko algoritmoak erabiliz, ikertzaileek zehaztu zutenez, cannabisa ziurrenik duela 27,8 milioi urte inguru erlazionatu zen generoarekin –Humulus– arbaso arrunt batetik aldentzen zen.

Regardless of the taxonomic minutiae, the headline is that “cannabis” is actually a broader classification that contains both hemp plants and marijuana plants. At the end of the day, for all their differences, both types of plants are indeed cannabis.


 

What is marijuana?

Marihuana kalamuaren lehengusu mozkorra da. Nahiago dituzun metodo taxonomikoen arabera, marihuana Cannabis sativa landareek ere osa dezakete. Eta marihuana eta kalamua espezie bat partekatu dezaketen arren, legez eta kimikoki bereizten dira modu esanguratsuan.

The high levels of THC found in marijuana plants cause intoxication when consumed. Federally, marijuana remains illegal; THC is a Schedule I substance under the CSA. However, many states have now rejected the prohibition on marijuana and have active programs for cultivating and dispensing marijuana for medical and/or adult use.

Marijuana is sold in a variety of ways. One of the most common products is simply the dried and cured flower of the marijuana plant. However, like hemp, marijuana is often subject to extraction to create concentrated extracts that can be sold on their own or used as an ingredient in edibles, topicals, and other products.

Kalamua eta marihuana arteko aldea

Gaur egun, "kanabisa" eta "marihuana" maiz erabiltzen dira industrian, eta horrek nahasmena sor dezake. ÂKanabisâ hitzak teknikoki kalamua eta marihuana biltzen dituen landare loredunen genero osoa aipatzen duenez, ez da erabat zehatza kalamua terminoa erabiltzean. Historikoki, "marihuana" hitza erabili da kalamua den kalamua eta landare bakoitzak duen THC portzentajean oinarritzen ez den kanabisa bereizteko.

While that distinction may, in some ways, seem arbitrary, it has become a clear enough standard that new varieties of cannabis plants are bred with this threshold in mind. While it might seem strange that cannabis plants, which contain many cannabinoids alongside many more chemical compounds, would be divided by THC content, that has become the standard for the legal cannabis and hemp CBD industries. Thus, the terms hemp and marijuana serve to distinguish between varieties of plants belonging to the same species that find themselves on very different sides of the law.